The coming soon proof for the double-star origin of our Solar System
The "New Horizons" Mission is ready to make the sensational discovery confirming the Naturics-idea of the double-star origin of our Solar System. Our planetary system was only realizable because the accretion of the primordial cosmic cloud (more than 7 milliard years ago) has been disturbed at its edge, producing an additional center of attraction of the outer part of the cloud mass. A brown dwarf, in addition to the central star (our Sun) was a consequence. This star has been damaged in a huge collision 3507 million years ago, leading to the present Solar System, with the total mass of the Kuiper Belt of more than 17 Jupiter masses. The existence of this mass is to be confirmed.
1. “New Horizons” spacecraft awakes
Some exciting news from Mission-Website:
“New Horizons is on a journey to a new class of planets we’ve never seen, in a place we’ve never been before,” says New Horizons Project Scientist Hal Weaver, of APL. “For decades we thought Pluto was this odd little body on the planetary outskirts; now we know it’s really a gateway to an entire region of new worlds in the Kuiper Belt, and New Horizons is going to provide the first close-up look at them.”
“After a voyage of nearly nine years and three billion miles – the farthest any space mission has ever traveled to reach its primary target – NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft came out of hibernation today (on 6th December 2014) for its long-awaited 2015 encounter with the Pluto system.”
“Since launching on January 19, 2006, New Horizons has spent 1,873 days — about two-thirds of its flight time — in hibernation. Its 18 separate hibernation periods, from mid-2007 to late 2014, ranged from 36 days to 202 days in length. The team used hibernation to save wear and tear on spacecraft components and reduce the risk of system failures.“
“With a seven-instrument science payload that includes advanced imaging infrared and ultraviolet spectrometers, a compact multicolor camera, a high-resolution telescopic camera, two powerful particle spectrometers and a space-dust detector, New Horizons will begin observing the Pluto system on 15th January 2015.”
“New Horizons’ closest approach to Pluto will occur on July 14, but plenty of highlights are expected before then, including, by mid-May, views of the Pluto system better than what the mighty Hubble Space Telescope can provide of the dwarf planet and its moons.”
2. Copernican System
Copernican System is an astronomic model considering our Solar System to be centered on the Sun, with Earth and other planets moving around it. The idea of heliocentrism (Helios means “Sun” in Ancient Greek), although already known thousands of years before, has been scientifically formulated for the first time by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1515. However, Copernicus' major work was first published shortly before his death in 1543, with permission of Albert, Duke of Prussia, and on behalf of Georg Joachim Rheticus, Copernicus's sole pupil, and Andreas Osiander. It appeared with an introduction by Rheticus (partly changed by Osiander) as “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium” (“On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres”). The Copernican System gave a better picture of the entire then known Universe than the older Ptolemaic system, which was geocentric (it means, centered on Earth). It described the Sun as having a central position relative to Earth and other planets. The model gathered few followers, and for a time, some of those who did give credence to the idea faced charges of heresy. The most known of them was Italian scientist, Giordano Bruno, who was burned in 1600 at the stake on Campo de' Fiori in Rome, for teaching, among other “heretical” ideas, Copernicus’ heliocentric view of the Universe.
Maybe the best description of the Inquisition way of thinking gave later (1808) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe:
“Of all discoveries and opinions, none may have exerted a greater effect on the human spirit than the doctrine of Copernicus. The world has scarcely become known as round and complete in itself when it was asked to waive the tremendous privilege of being the center of the universe. Never, perhaps, was a greater demand made on mankind – for by this admission so many things vanished in mist and smoke! What became of Eden, our world of innocence, piety and poetry; the testimony of the senses; the conviction of a poetic-religious faith? No wonder his contemporaries did not wish to let all this go and offered every possible resistance to a doctrine which in its converts authorized and demanded a freedom of view and greatness of thought so far unknown, indeed not even dreamed of.”
3. Kuiper Belt
In 1943 (400 years after Copernicus), astronomer Kenneth Edgeworth had suggested that a “reservoir” of comets and another cosmic bodies might exist beyond Neptune, the most distant gas-giant planet of the Solar System. In 1951, astronomer Gerard Kuiper predicted the existence of a belt of icy objects in that outer region that now bears his name; in the most popular version simply called the Kuiper Belt, although some astronomers refer to it as the Edgeworth-Kupier Belt. Correspondingly, the cosmic objects belonging to this belt are known as Kupier Belt Objects (KBOs); the largest of them are called in recent years as dwarf planets. However, their real existence was not confirmed until 1992, when David Jewitt and Jane Luu found the first KBO, 1992QB1. Other objects soon followed, and today there are known about 1300 of them. Some years later one has recognized that the first true Kuiper Belt Object to be seen was Pluto (discovered 1930).
We can imagine the Kuiper belt as an elliptical, planar formation in space, spanning from 30 to 50 AU (it means times Earth's distance from the Sun), 4.5 to 7.4 Gkm (billion kilometers). The belt is similar to the asteroid belt found between Mars and Jupiter, or even more to the Saturnian ring system, because the objects in the Kuiper Belt are supposed more to be icy rather than rocky. Because of their small size and distant location, Kuiper Belt Objects are a challenge to spot from Earth. Infrared measurements from NASA's space-based telescope, Spitzer, have helped to nail down sizes for the largest objects. Scientists presume today that thousands of bodies more than 100 km in diameter travel around the center of mass of the Solar System within this belt.
4. The expected discovery by “New Horizons” Mission
In order to catch a better glimpse of these remote leftovers from the birth of the Solar System, NASA launched the “New Horizons” mission. This robotic probe, if successful in crossing the “crowded to overflowing” outer region of the Solar system, should study the largest KBOs before continuing on with an aim to examine some smaller of them. The spacecraft “New Horizons” will help us to estimate the real population of the Kuiper Belt. I am sure, they are not merely thousands but many, many millions of such objects there. And some of them are probably much denser than ice, because they all are remnants of a brown dwarf, a stellar companion of the Proto-Sun in the first phase of existence of the Solar System. The “New Horizons”-Mission will prove that our Solar System has developed as a double-star system from a primordial cosmic cloud.
If planetary motion around the Sun was the idea that launched the scientific revolution nearly 500 years ago, then the coming soon discovery of the large additional mass existing at the edge of our Solar System will put the end to the previous idea of our Sun being the lonely star from the very beginning of the system. I have never really understood, why so many clever scientists, not only ancient and modern astronomers, could suppose, a planetary system can be possible around a single star. More about that controversy can be read on this website (compare "Naturics"-item of the main menu here above).